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Endocrine System :
Hypothyroidism / Myxoedema

Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the body lacks sufficient thyroid hormone called thyroxine. In its most profound form, severe hypothyroidism may lead to a life-threatening coma (myxoedema coma).The condition is more common in women than in men, and its incidence increases with age.

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1. Which specialist should I see if I have Hypothyroidism?

You should consult an Endocrinologist.

2. Should thyroxine be given for all cases of hypothyrodism?

No. In secondary hypothyroidism, thyroxine should not be given until adrenal insufficiency has been evaluated and if present treated.

3. Should thyroid supplement be taken during pregnancy?

Yes. Pregnant women with hypothyroidism should continue their treatment even during pregnancy. It is all the more important during pregnancy.

4. What is a hormone?

A hormone is a chemical produced inside an organism that the organism uses to regulate its own biological activity. Hormones play important roles in growth, development, reproduction, and metabolism.

5. What is the role of thyroxine hormone in the body?

The main purpose of thyroid hormone is to maintain the body's metabolism. These hormones also have direct effects on most organs, including the heart which beats faster and harder under the influence of thyroid hormones.

6. Where is the thyroid gland located in the body?

This gland is located in the lower part of the neck, below the Adam’s apple. The gland wraps around the windpipe (trachea) and has a shape that is similar to a butterfly formed by two wings (lobes) and attached by a middle part (isthmus).

7. How regularly do I need to have blood tests to check for thyroxine levels?

Blood test should be done once a year.

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